电价s: Reduced Sales and Increased Investment
The electric utility industry in Indiana is facing steadily increasing costs to generate and deliver electricity to homes, 企业, 和行业. While electric utilities make continuous efficiency improvements and are working closely with state regulators to contain electricity prices and to keep electricity prices as low as possible, rising costs are becoming inevitable in Indiana and throughout the country.
在过去的10-15年里, the average electricity prices for Hoosiers has increased for two primary reasons: sales are flat or decreasing, and investor-owned electric utilities have made significant investments in:
- construction of new cleaner coal and natural gas power plants;
- installation of over billions of dollars in pollution control 设备 to comply with federal environmental mandates; and
电价s for Customers Have Increased Over Last 15+ Years
工业利率. 根据来自美国的数据.S. 能源信息管理局, 其中包括投资者拥有的数据, 市政, 还有电力合作公用事业, average industrial electric rates in Indiana were the 11th lowest in the U.S. 2001年4岁.每千瓦时(kwh) 11美分. In 2018, Indiana’s average industrial rates were the 29th lowest at 7.每千瓦时16美分——下降了18位，上升了74%. Kentucky (82%) experienced the largest increase in the region. 也, 俄亥俄州(57%), 伊利诺斯州(43%), and Michigan (43%) also experienced increases in their average industrial electric rates larger than the national average (37%).
商业利率. In 2001, average commercial electric rates in Indiana were the 3rd lowest in the U.S. at 5.29¢每千瓦时. 2018年，印第安纳州排在第30位，排在第10位.每千瓦时36美分——下降了27个名次，上升了96%. Kentucky (84%) and Michigan (48%) also experienced increases in average rates larger than the national average (35%). 伊利诺斯州和俄亥俄州只增长了21%和17%.
住宅的利率. In 2001, average residential electric rates in Indiana were the 9th lowest in the U.S. at 6.92年¢每千瓦时. In 2018, Indiana’s average residential rates were the 15th lowest at 12.02¢ per kwh – a drop of six places and an increase of 74%. Michigan (88%) and Kentucky (87%) experienced larger increases. Ohio (48%) and Illinois (44%) increases were under the national average (50%).
Investments in Pollution Controls, New Power Plants, and Transmission & 分布
The electric utility industry is among the country’s most capital-intensive sectors, with many of its costs stemming directly from investments in and maintenance of the power plants, 输配电线路, 设备, 还有用来输送电力的结构. Money spent by a utility to provide electricity falls into one of two categories: expenses and capital investments.
According to data gathered by the Indiana Department of 环境al Management (IDEM), those investments in pollution controls and cleaner coal technology have resulted in a significant reduction of potentially harmful emissions in Indiana since 2001.
- 印第安纳州排放(2001 - 2018)
Source: Indiana Department of 环境al Management
Indiana electric power sector is using more and more natural gas to generate electricity. 事实上，印第安纳州的天然气使用量飙升. 自2006年以来, natural gas deliveries to electric power sector in Indiana increased over 580 percent – 27,从2006年的2.13亿立方英尺(MMcf)增长到185亿立方英尺,2018年为1.55亿立方英尺. 为什么? There has been a significant drop in natural gas prices for electric power generation during that time period. 根据美国.S. 能源信息管理局, natural gas prices have dropped over 50% ($7.2006年是每千立方英尺11美元，而去年是每千立方英尺3美元.2017年每千立方英尺有52个). The chart below illustrates the significant drop in the price of gas used by electricity generators (regulated utilities and non-regulated power producers) whose line of business is the generation of power.
下面的图表, which is data gathered from the Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission (IURC), illustrates the significant transition away from coal to natural gas and other sources of fuel since 2008.
Indiana electric utilities consume 25 million short tons less of coal today than in 2006, 下降了41% (60.2006年是500万短吨，而2006年是35万吨.2017年600万).
In addition to the significant drop in the price of natural gas, one of the other reasons for the decrease in the consumption of coal by electric utilities in Indiana is due to the increase in coal prices. The annual average price of coal at open market in Indiana increased from about $27 per short ton in 2006 to $42 per short ton in 2017 – a 55 percent increase in price.
Sales of electricity to industrial customers have decreased 6% in Indiana over the last 12 years.
To determine the average electricity price, the basic utility ratemaking formula is:
Revenues (costs + CapEx + fair return) ÷ Units Sold (Sales of kwh) = Avg. 电价
According to Federal 能源 Regulatory Commission (FERC) Form 1 data for the five investor-owned electric utilities in Indiana, overall retail sales of electricity since 2006 decreased over 2% in Indiana (6% decrease in sales from industrial customers) while costs and capital investments, 包括合理的回报, 增加了38%(33%分配给工业客户).